Influence of temperature and reaction time on the conversion of polystyrene waste to pyrolysis liquid oil

Abdo, A.Mustafa Influence of temperature and reaction time on the conversion of polystyrene waste to pyrolysis liquid oil. Waste Management, 58.

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Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the effect of temperature and reaction time on the yield and quality of liquid oil produced from a pyrolysis process. Polystyrene (PS) type plastic waste was used as a feedstock in a small pilot scale batch pyrolysis reactor. At 400 �C with a reaction time of 75 min, the gas yield was 8% by mass, the char yield was 16% by mass, while the liquid oil yield was 76% by mass. Raising the temperature to 450 �C increased the gas production to 13% by mass, reduced the char production to 6.2% and increased the liquid oil yield to 80.8% by mass. The optimum temperature and reaction time was found to be 450 �C and 75 min. The liquid oil at optimum conditions had a dynamic viscosity of 1.77 mPa s, kinematic viscosity of 1.92 cSt, a density of 0.92 g/cm3, a pour point of �60 �C, a freezing point of �64 �C, a flash point of 30.2 �C and a high heating value (HHV) of 41.6 MJ/kg this is similar to conventional diesel. The gas chromatography with mass spectrophotometry (GC–MS) analysis showed that liquid oil contains mainly styrene (48%), toluene (26%) and ethyl-benzene (21%) compounds

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Chemistry
Divisions: College Of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Lecturer ABUBAKR Mustafa Elkhaleefa Abdo
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2017 06:08
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2017 06:08
URI: http://eprints.kku.edu.sa/id/eprint/296

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