OPTIMIZATION OF SESAME SEEDS OIL EXTRACTION OPERATING CONDITIONS USING THE RESPONSE SURFACE DESIGN METHODOLOGY

Osman, Haitham and Shigidi, Ihab and Elkaleefa, Abubakar (2016) OPTIMIZATION OF SESAME SEEDS OIL EXTRACTION OPERATING CONDITIONS USING THE RESPONSE SURFACE DESIGN METHODOLOGY. Scientific Study & Research Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology, Food Industry, 17 (4). pp. 335-347. ISSN 1582-540X

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Abstract

This paper applies Response Surface Design (RSD) to model the experimental data obtained from the extraction of sesame seeds oil using n-hexane, chloroform and acetone as solvents under different operating conditions. The results obtained revealed that n-hexane outperformed the extraction obtained using chloroform and acetone. The developed model predicted that n-hexane with a rotational speed of 547 rpm and a contact time between the solvent and seeds of 19.46 hours with solvent: seeds ratio of 4.93, yields the optimum oil extracted of 37.03 %, outperforming chloroform and acetone models that gave prediction for 4.75 and 4.21 respectively. While the maximum predictions yield for chloroform is 6.73 %, under the operating conditions of 602 rpm, and 24 hours contact time, with a ratio of solvent: seeds of 1.74. On the other hand the acetone maximum prediction is only 4.37 %, with operational conditions of 467 rpm, and 6.00 hours contact time, with a ratio of solvent: seeds of 1. It is has been found that the maximum oil extraction yield obtained from the chloroform (6.73 %) and Acetone (4.37 %) is much lower than that predicted by n-hexane 37.03 %.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: College Of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr IHAB SHIGIDI
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 06:55
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 06:55
URI: http://eprints.kku.edu.sa/id/eprint/499

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