Albumin nanoparticles coated with polysorbate 80 as a novel drug carrier for the delivery of antiretroviral drug—Efavirenz

Jenita, JosephineLeno and Wilson, Barnabas and Chockalingam, Vijaya (2014) Albumin nanoparticles coated with polysorbate 80 as a novel drug carrier for the delivery of antiretroviral drug—Efavirenz. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, 4 (3). pp. 142-148. ISSN 2230-973X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2230-973X.138348

Abstract

Purpose of the study: The antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically improved human immunodefi ciency virus (HIV)/ acquired immunodefi ciency syndrome (AIDS) treatment, prevention and also has been found to increase the lifespan of HIV/AIDS patients by providing durable control of the HIV replication in patients. Efavirenz is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor of HIV-1. The purpose of this study is to formulate efavirenz-loaded bovine serum albumin nanoparticles to improve efavirenz delivery into various organs. Materials and Methods: Nanoparticles were prepared by desolvation technique and coated with polysorbate 80. Ethanol, glutaraldehyde, and mannitol were used as desolvating, cross linking agent, and cryoprotectant, respectively. Drug to polymer ratio was chosen at fi ve levels from 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, and 1:6 (by weight). The formulated nanoparticles were characterized for Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies, entrapment effi ciency, particle size, surface charge, surface morphology, in vitro drug release, release kinetics, stability studies, and biodistribution studies. Results and Major Conclusion: The particle size of the prepared formulations was found below 250nm with narrow size distribution, spherical in shape and showed good entrapment effi ciency (45.62–72.49%). The in vitro drug release indicated biphasic release and its data were fi tted to release kinetics models and release pattern was Fickian diffusion controlled release profi le. The prepared nanoparticles increased efavirenz delivery into various organs by several fold in comparison with the free drug.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Pharmacy
Divisions: College of Pharmacy > Pharmacy
Depositing User: س� تش�
Date Deposited: 01 May 2017 09:44
Last Modified: 01 May 2017 09:44
URI: http://eprints.kku.edu.sa/id/eprint/936

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