An epidemiological study of newly diagnosed sputum positive tuberculosis patients in Dhubri district, Assam, India and the factors influencing their compliance to treatment

Zaman, ForhadAkhtar and Sheikh, Samuel and Das, KushalChandra and Zaman, GaffarSarwar and Pal, Ranabir (2014) An epidemiological study of newly diagnosed sputum positive tuberculosis patients in Dhubri district, Assam, India and the factors influencing their compliance to treatment. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine, 5 (2). p. 415. ISSN 0976-9668

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0976-9668.136213

Abstract

Context: Tuberculosis (TB) affects the economically productive age group and has emerged as a disease of significant socioeconomic global burden. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify epidemiological factors responsible for TB and the clinico-social correlates influencing their compliance. Subjects and Methods: All new smear positive TB (NSP-TB) patients registered in Dhubri District Tuberculosis Center-Tuberculosis Unit during 2007 in Assam were included in this study. The study was performed by interview technique using a pre-tested questionnaire. Results: Nearly 90.76% of the participants were in the age group of 15-55 years and were predominantly unskilled workers and sole earning member of their family. 83.33% of the patients had symptoms of cough for more than 3 weeks and most of them (98.15%) lived in overcrowded houses. More than half of the patients had X-ray examination as their initial approach to diagnosis. More males (59.18%) than females (40.82%) reported to the health institution within first 6 weeks after the onset of symptom and among them 91.84% were declared cured after completion of therapy and while, only 40% of the patients initiating treatment after 6 weeks of the onset of symptoms were declared cured after completion of therapy. Conclusions: The prevalence of NSP-TB cases was more among the illiterate and underprivileged population who needs counseling and motivation for early intervention. Key words: Defaulter, new smear positive, tuberculosis

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical laboratory
Divisions: College of Applied Medical Sciences > Medical laboratory
Depositing User: DR GAFFAR SARWAR ZAMAN
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2017 19:06
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2017 19:06
URI: http://eprints.kku.edu.sa/id/eprint/1389

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