Evaluation of apical extrusion of debris and irrigant using two new reciprocating and one continuous rotation single file systems.

Nayak, Gurudutt and Singh, Inderpreet and Shetty, Shashit and Dahiya, Surya (2014) Evaluation of apical extrusion of debris and irrigant using two new reciprocating and one continuous rotation single file systems. Journal of Dentistry, 11 (3). pp. 302-309. ISSN 0300-5712


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OBJECTIVE: Apical extrusion of debris and irrigants during cleaning and shaping of the root canal is one of the main causes of periapical inflammation and postoperative flare-ups. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively measure the amount of debris and irrigants extruded apically in single rooted canals using two reciprocating and one rotary single file nickel-titanium instrumentation systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty human mandibular premolars, randomly assigned to three groups (n = 20) were instrumented using two reciprocating (Reciproc and Wave One) and one rotary (One Shape) single-file nickel-titanium systems. Bidistilled water was used as irrigant with traditional needle irrigation delivery system. Eppendorf tubes were used as test apparatus for collection of debris and irrigant. The volume of extruded irrigant was collected and quantified via 0.1-mL increment measure supplied on the disposable plastic insulin syringe. The liquid inside the tubes was dried and the mean weight of debris was assessed using an electronic microbalance. The data were statistically analysed using Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test and Mann Whitney U test with Bonferroni adjustment. P-values less than 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: The Reciproc file system produced significantly more debris compared with OneShape file system (P<0.05), but no statistically significant difference was obtained between the two reciprocating instruments (P>0.05). Extrusion of irrigant was statistically insignificant irrespective of the instrument or instrumentation technique used (P >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Although all systems caused apical extrusion of debris and irrigant, continuous rotary instrumentation was associated with less extrusion as compared with the use of reciprocating file systems. KEYWORDS: Dentin; Endodontics; Instrumentation; Instruments; Root Canal Irrigants; Root Canal Therapy

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Dentistry
Divisions: College of Dentistry > Dentistry
Depositing User: Dr Shashit Shetty Bavabeedu
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2017 18:15
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2017 18:15
URI: http://eprints.kku.edu.sa/id/eprint/2163

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