Thyroid Nodules Evaluation with Sonography

Adam, Mohamed and Yousef, Mohamed (2011) Thyroid Nodules Evaluation with Sonography. International Journal of Science and Research, 2 (2). pp. 571-575. ISSN 2319-7064

Evaluation of thyroid nodules in patients with goitre using nuclear medicine.pdf

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Abstract|ملخص البحث

Goiter is a common thyroid disorder in Sudan. Most of thyroid nodules are benign, but a small percentage can be cancerous among the other pathology. The aims of this study were to assess the value of scintigraphy, ultrasound (US) and biopsy in the detection of nodules and to determine the prevalence of thyroid nodule among patients with thyroid goiter in Sudan. A total of 100 patients were investigated. 58 patients were investigated with biobsy in addition to the aforementioned techniques. Scintigraphic examination involved the intravenous injection of 2-5 mCi of Tc99m followed in 15 minutes by 300 kC at the neck, US was performed using an instruments with a 7.5 MHz and biopsy was carried either by Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB )or open operation. The majority of the patients were females (81%). Scintigraphy revealed that 58% of the patients had nodular goiter while the rest had diffuse goiter. The highest incidence of nodules was shown in the age group between 40-60 (23%). US revealed that 48 % of the nodules were solitary. Furthermore, 78% the nodules none vascularized, 29% were calcified and 28% were hypoechoic. The biopsy results showed that 14% of nodular patients were malignant, 88% follicular adenocarcinoma. 36% had nodular goiter with cystic or degenerative changes. The highest percentage of malignancy could be attributed to the fact that patients referred to the hospital in a late stage of the disease. All patients with giotre should undergo US and NM investigation in order to detect the morphology and function of the thyroid. SMM 2011; 6 (3): 221 - 227

Item Type|تصنيف النتاج العلمي: Article| منشور علمي
Subjects | مجال موضوع النشر: Radiological Sciences
Divisions | الكلية: College of Applied Medical Sciences > Radiological Sciences
Depositing User: Mohamed Adam
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2017 16:13
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2017 16:13

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