Correlation between admission criteria and the subsequent academic performance in a medical school

Mahmoud, Syed and Bin-Jaliah, Ismaeel and Ponnamperuma, Gominda and Davis, Margery (2008) Correlation between admission criteria and the subsequent academic performance in a medical school. In: The Saudi International Medical Education Conference (SIMEC2008), organised by the Saudi Society for Medical Education (SSME), April 2008, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

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Abstract|ملخص البحث

Background Medical schools need selection procedures that are evidence based and legally defensible. To be defensible a selection method must be reliable within and across successive cohorts of applicants. It must select on the basis that it claims to test and it should predict the eventual performance of the potential doctor who is selected. The present study was structured to assess the strength of relationship between the admission criteria and academic performance of students. Summary of work This was a retrospective longitudinal study using results of five MBBS batches at Baqai medical school. The aggregate scores of Secondary school certificate (SSC), Higher school certificate (HSC) and aptitude test (pre-admission variables) were correlated with aggregate scores in first, second, third and final professional exams (post-admission variables). The predictive validity of the SSC, HSC and aptitude test scores were also explored. Data were entered on SPSS version.10 software. Pearson’s correlation and stepwise regression analysis were carried out using effect models. Summary of results Although positive relationships were found between SSC, HSC scores and professional exams results, the relationship was weak. Written aptitude test has either no or weak relationship with performance in subsequent professional exams. If considered in combination then SSC, HSC and aptitude test scores had no significant relationship when correlated with professional exams scores. All professional exams had moderately significant positive relationship with each other. Conclusions The null to low correlations between pre-admission variables and post-admission variables found in this study suggest that the current selection methods employed were affecting the screening process and would subsequently be poor predictors of students’ academic performance during the five year medical course. Take-home messages Admission solely on the basis of previous academic performance can be biased and presumptuous generating a preferable need to develop and apply congruently agglomerated and validated multiple selection tools.

Item Type|تصنيف النتاج العلمي: Conference or Workshop Item | مؤتمرات وورش عمل (Lecture)
Subjects | مجال موضوع النشر: Education
Medicine and Surgery
Divisions | الكلية: College of Medicine > Physiology
Depositing User: Prof. Ismaeel Bin-Jaliah
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2018 13:29
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2018 13:29
URI: http://eprints.kku.edu.sa/id/eprint/4099

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